W52

GIS

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

NEWS, HO

Keywords

Remote sensing, VHR satellites, Optical, Radar, Digital Elevation Model, GIS

Description

Recent developments in remote sensing data processing will be described, particularly in the scope of the integrated river basin management and coastal survey. Case studies based on new data either optical or radar will be presented. The particular interest of a combined study of satellite data and exogenous data will be illustrated.

Coordinator

Prof. Jean-Paul DEROIN, Univ. Reims

 

Lectures

Courses 16h, practical 9h.

Instructors

Ass Prof Dr Simona Niculescu, Univ. Brest

Dr Son, STI

Dr Thach

Nguyen Vu Giang, STI

Control

examination + practical + personal work


W61

Sediment Transport, Estuaries

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

HO

Keywords

Sediment transport, Mud, Sand, Turbidity, Sediment processes, Estuarine circulation

Description

Basics on sediment transport are given (sediment budget, sediment properties), then sediment processes are detailed. The flow in the boundary layer is described (in rivers, under waves, and under the combination of waves and currents). The threshold of motion is explained and transport into suspension is described. Specific processes for the transport of cohesive and non-cohesive particles are then exposed. This series of lectures ends by methodological information and examples.

The second part of the unit encompasses basic knowledge on estuarine circulation and sediment transport in estuaries. Examples are studied with the students, in an interactive process.

If possible, a field trip is organized in the Cam-Bach Dang estuary, or in Halong Bay, to introduce some instruments that are widely used in coastal oceanography and sediment transport studies (CTD, ADCP, turbidimeter, grain size meter, etc.)

Coordinators

Dr Sylvain Ouillon, IRD, Univ. Toulouse 3, UMR LEGOS, sylvain.ouillon@ird.fr

Lectures

Sediment transport: 1. Sediment budget, Continental and coastal sediment transport, Impacts; 2. Sediment properties (grain size distribution and sedimentological parameters, nature, density, settling velocity); 3. Boundary layer flow (directional, oscillating and combined flows); 4. Threshold of motion; 5. Transport into suspension (general model, Rouse profile, Richardson number); 6. Non cohesive sediment transport (bedload, suspension, bedforms); 7.Cohesive sediment transport (aggregation, settling velocity, erosion, deposition, erodibility, rheology of mud, mixed sediments); 8. Instrumentation; 9. Marine optics and applications to remote sensing (ocean color); 10. Studying sediment transport in Vietnam estuaries and coastal zones, some examples. 15h course.

An introduction to estuaries : 1- Morphological and geological features; 2- Salinity gradients; 3- Tide propagation and associated currents; 4-Estuaries classifications (Pritchard, Hansen & Rattray, Le Floch); 5- Estuarine residual circulation theories and application; 6- Sediment processes (turbidity maximum and fluid mud); 7- Long-term morphodynamic evolution; 8- Physical processes and management; 9-Case studies 5h.

Field trip (one day): training on instrumentation used in coastal oceanography and sediment transport studies (CTD, ADCP, turbidimeter, grain size meter, etc.)

Instructors

Dr Sylvain Ouillon, IRD, Univ. Paul-Sabatier, LEGOS

Vu Duy Vinh, VAST, Inst. Marine Environment & Resources (IMER), Haiphong

Control

examination + personal work (report and oral presentation)


W62

Coastal Oceanography and Nearshore Processes

ECTS

5

Specialities

HO

Keywords

Coastal oceanography, Storm surge, Tidal inlets, Tide, tsunami, swell, wave-induced currents

Description

This course is designed to bring a basic understanding of the nearshore hydrodynamics. The main modelling approaches will be described and an overview of modern instrument techniques will be presented.

Coordinator

Dr Xavier Bertin, CNRS, Univ. La Rochelle, xavier.bertin@univ-lr.fr

Dr. Alexei Sentchev, Univ. Littorale Côte d’Opale (ULCO), Alexei.Sentchev@univ-littoral.fr

Lectures

Coastal and shallow water hydrodynamics: shallow water equations, nearshore water dynamics, wind induced currents, Ekman layers in stratified waters, tidal circulation on a continental shelf, river plumes. Principle of monitoring of coastal water circulation: underway velocity measurements; surface wave and current measurements by ocean radars; current measurements from space. Practicals: current mapping by towed ADCP in an estuary. (25 h course, tutorials, practicals; instructor: A. Sentchev).

Storm surge, wave setup, flooding, tidal inlets dynamics (20-25h course and tutorials, X. Bertin)

Instructors

Dr Xavier Bertin, CNRS, Univ. La Rochelle

Dr. Alexei Sentchev, Univ. Littorale Côte d’Opale (ULCO), Alexei.Sentchev@univ-littoral.fr

Vu Duy Vinh, VAST, Inst. Marine Environment & Resources (IMER), Haiphong

Control

examination


W63

Advanced Marine Biogeochemistry, Marine Optics

ECTS

5

Specialities

HO

Keywords

Chemical composition of the ocean, ocean-atmosphere gas exchange, biogeochemistry in the ocean and climate, coupled physical/biogeochemical processes, mixed layer, mesoscale, coastal upwelling, data, modelling, optical properties of sea water; biogeochemical proxy, ocean color remote sensing.

Description

The aims of this teaching unit are to provide to the students knowledge on the biogeochemistry of the ocean on coupled physical/biogeochemical processes and its interactions with climate. General laws and associated equations will be presented as well as measurement techniques, modelling, data analysis with reading of scientific papers, practical work on computers and lab and exercises.

Coordinators

Prof Dr Isabelle DADOU, Univ. Paul-Sabatier, LEGOS, Isabelle.Dadou@legos.obs-mip.fr

Prof. Hubert LOISEL, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale UMR LOG, hubert.loisel@univ-littoral.fr

Lectures

Marine Biogeochemistry (7 hours: C and E), Lecturer: Isabelle Dadou (P. Van Beek)

 1) Introduction – bases: chemical composition of the ocean, vertical/horizontal distributions of chemical elements, and control by biology (primary production – remineralization), main horizontal and vertical mixing mechanisms, in situ measurement techniques (no-autonomous and autonomous sensors).

2) Ocean-atmosphere gas exchanges: Dalton’s law of partial pressures, gas solubility, exchange rate and fluxes between the atmosphere and the ocean.

3) Nitrogen cycle in the ocean: why studying this cycle? Main nitrogen compounds and transformations; spatial distribution; important physical and biological processes for this cycle in the ocean.

4) Carbon cycle in the ocean : why studying this cycle? The role of the ocean in this cycle, different chemical and biological species of the carbon cycle in the ocean; important processes (thermodynamics, chemistry and biology) for this cycle.

5) Biogeochemistry, climate and natural resources: important processes, the feedbacks, links with the halieutic resources, anthropogenic forcing (pollution, overexploitation…).

Physical-biogeochemical interactions in the ocean (X hours: C and E). Lecturer: Isabelle Dadou (Marine Herrmann)

1) Importance of coupling between the physics and biogeochemistry in the ocean: Main processes and associated equations, Box models and primitive equation models (advection-diffusion)

2) Source and sink terms in biogeochemistry, trophic web: Biodiversity (phytoplankton, zooplankton, bacteria), Scheme of a trophic web associated equations and parameterisation of processes.

3) Mixed layer in the ocean (vertical structure of the surface layer of the ocean): Equations of the mixed layer; atmospheric dynamical and heat forcing; Temperate waters: deepening/stratification of the mixed layer, mechanisms of the spring bloom; Tropical waters: vertical structures of the mixed layer and associated biogeochemical vertical distribution

4) Mesoscale processes in the ocean: Characterisation of the physical eddy environment (mesoscale), main processes (eddies, meanders, instability, waves,…) observations (in situ, satellite), modelling; Biogeochemical oceanic mesoscale variability, observations (in situ, satellites) modelling

5) Coastal area (continental shelf, slope and interaction with the open ocean): Importance for halieutic resources, region under high anthropogenic forcing, sources/sinks of greenhouse gases…; Eastern boundary upwelling and Coastal area under river discharge influence: observations, main processes, equations, modelling.

 

Coupled physical/biogeochemical modelling (x hours). Lecturer: Marine Herrmann, Isabelle Dadou and Minh Nguyen Nguyet

P1) Presentation and work (equation/numerical methods) on a simple biogeochemical model (NPZD) - P2) Presentation and work (equation/numerical methods) on a hydrodynamical model and numerical schemes (tracer advection) (the same ROMS as the one studied in the first year of the Master) - P3) Real case study: Gulf of Tonkin –study of coupled physical/biogeochemical processes of this upwelling (productivity, biomasses, ..)

 

Practical work in lab (4 hours: PW): Isabelle Dadou, Hubert Loisel, Trinh Bich Ngoc

Laboratory measurements on the properties (carbon, nitrogen) of organic matter and nutrients in the ocean.

Ocean color and applications: (20 h course + tutorial). Lecturer: Hubert Loisel)

1) Presentation of the inherent optical properties (IOPs) of sea waters

2) Relationships between IOPs and the biogeochemical parameters; how IOPs measured at different spatio-temporal scales can provide relevant information on biogeochemical and physical processes.

3) Introduction to satellite observation of ocean color: principles and applications

Instructors

Prof Dr Isabelle Dadou, Univ. Paul-Sabatier (Toulouse 3), LEGOS, France

Dr Marine Herrmann (CR IRD), Univ. Paul-Sabatier (Toulouse 3), LEGOS, France

Dr NGUYEN Nguyet Minh (MCF), USTH, Hanoi, Vietnam

Prof. Hubert LOISEL, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale UMR LOG

Trinh Bich Ngoc (Engineer - Technical assistant), USTH, Hanoi, Vietnam

Control

examination + practical + personal work


W51

Hydrology modelling - Floods

ECTS

5

Specialities

NEWS, HO

Keywords

Hydrology, Rain-flow model, Floods

Description

Description of a hydrologic models. Familiarization with modelling through practical work (implementation on a simple real case, results analyses, sensitivity studies to schemes and parameterisations, process studies, comparison with observations)

Coordinators

Ass Prof Pascal Finaud-Guyot, ENGEES

Prof. Denis Dartus, INPT

Lectures

Hydrological modelling (C: 8h, Tutorial: 3h, Practical: 6h; Lecturer: D. Dartus or D. Labat or X)

Water cycle at basin catchment scale (C 1h);

Approach of the water assessment on a catchment area (C 1h, T 1h);

Hydrological Models and their classification. Hydrological modeling with Rain-Flow tanks and its applicability (C 1h);

Rational method, Cascade of Nash and GRx, Problem of strong space heterogeneities (T 2h);

Rain, rough and net Rain, infiltrations and their models (C 1h);

Evaporation, evapotranspiration and their models (C 1h);

Representation and modeling of the transfer function (C 1h);

Project : Rain-Flow modelling using the HEC-HMS model (C 1h, P 6h);

Complex models and Risks of floods (C 1h)

Floods (C Xh: Practical : Xh ;Lecturers : P. Finaud-Guyot)

 

Instructors

Dr. Sabine Sauvage, Univ. Toulouse 3, sabine.sauvage@univ-tlse3.fr

Dr. Jose Miguel Sanchez Perez , Univ. Toulouse 3,  jose-miguel.sanchez-perez@univ-tlse3.fr

Control

practical work


ArcSWAT_Documentation.pdfArcSWAT_Documentation.pdfIntroductory Manual_updated Jan. 2013.pdfIntroductory Manual_updated Jan. 2013.pdfslides-SWAT-calibration-technic.pdfslides-SWAT-calibration-technic.pdfSWAT-IO-Documentation-2012.pdfSWAT-IO-Documentation-2012.pdf

W42

Sensors

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

W3, NEWS, HO

Keywords

Sensors – Analyte – Detection – Integrated systems – Passive and dynamic sensors

Description

The objective of this lecture is to introduce some notions with respect to the integrated systems including physical, chemical and biological sensors. Its aim will be to show the importance of such tools for a better understanding of the water cycle from the point of view of water quantity and quality, and a smarter management of the quality of natural, drinking and waste waters.

The main part of the courses will be:

- Introduction of integrated systems and sensors: from definitions and principles to application of different techniques of detection; interest of such tools (measurements, monitoring, data analysis and interpretation, and observation vs. modelling)

- Presentation of the different types of sensors (chemical, biological, physicochemical, physical); their performance and limits (size, cost, lifetime..., biofouling...)

- Passive vs. dynamic sensors

- More advance with respect to detection systems (optical, electrochemical…) for dynamic in-situ sensors

- Integration and networking for data management

References

Jaffrezic-Renault, N., 2014. Instrumentation et interdisciplinarité ; capteurs chimiques et physiques. Edp Sciences, Paris

Lalauze, R., Ed., 2012. Chemical Sensors and Biosensors. ISTE-Wiley, London

Reference for passive sampler/sensors

Coordinators

Prof. Philippe Behra, INPT-ENSIACET, LCA UMR 1010

Lectures

Sensors: 14 h course, Tran Thi Nhu Trang, Philippe Behra

Field applications and case studies: 6 h course and tutorial, Tran Thi Nhu Trang, Philippe Behra

Instructors

Dr. Tran Thi Nhu Trang (Faculty of Chemistry - University of Science – VNUHCM - nhutrang@hcmus.edu.vn), Prof. Philippe Behra (INPT – philippe.behra@ensiacet.fr)

Control

Examination (1 written exams + report from tutorial)


Introduction_samplers_sensors_USTH_W42_2018-2019.pdfIntroduction_samplers_sensors_USTH_W42_2018-2019.pdf

W56

Reactive transport in natural waters

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

NEWS

Keywords

Reactive transport - Porous media - Physicochemical - Mass transport equations - Chemical reactivity – Reactivity at solid-liquid interfaces

Description

The objective of these lectures is to introduce reactive transport in porous media with respect to the physicochemical reactivity by taking into account the mass transport equations and the chemical interaction mechanisms in the liquid phase and at the interfaces, mainly the solid-liquid ones

References

Civan, F., 2011. Porous media transport phenomena. Wiley, New York.

Debenest, G., Behra, P., 2013. Transport réactif en milieu poreux : changement d’échelle. In Chimie et environnement. Ph. Behra, Ed., Dunod, Paris.

Nützmann, G., Viotti, P., Aagaard, P., Eds., 2005. Reactive transport in soil and groundwater - Processes and models. Springer, Berlin.

Sigg, L., Behra, P., Stumm, W., 2014. Chimie des milieux aquatiques. 5th edition, Dunod, Paris.

Zhang, F., Yeh, G.-T.(G.), Parker, J.C., Eds., 2012. Groundwater reactive transport models. Bentham Science Publishers. eBook URL: http://ebooks.benthamscience.com/book/9781608053063/

Coordinators

Prof Philippe Behra, INPT-ENSIACET, LCA UMR 1010

Lectures

- Some hydrodynamic considerations

- Physicochemical mechanisms affecting solute transport

- Relationships between sorption term and aqueous concentration

- Experimental setup used for reactive transport at different scales

- Application of the non-linear chromatography theory

- Modelling of reactive transport applied trace contaminants: coupling chemistry and multicomponent transport (speciation – coupling methods – limits; introduction and use of software: PhreeqcI; case studies)

- Colloidal transport

Instructors

Prof Philippe Behra

Dr. Christophe Monnin (DR CNRS, GET)

Control

Examination (1 written exams + report from tutorial)


Reactive_transport_natural_waters_PhB_Lecture_2018-2019_vf.pdfReactive_transport_natural_waters_PhB_Lecture_2018-2019_vf.pdf

W53

Soils

ECTS

5

Specialities

NEWS

Keywords

 

Description

 

Coordinator

Dr Christian VALENTIN, IRD, christian.valentin@ird.fr

Prof. TRAN Hong Con, VNU

Lectures

o   3 h. Introductory lecture: What are the main uses of soils ? Raw material, agricultural production, forestry, biomass for energy and industrial products, water flux regulation, biogeochemical reactor, waste recycling; biodiversity habitat; cultural functions.

o   1 h30. Soil components: minerals, organic matter and soil organisms

o   3 h. Processes of soil formation: 1–Soil profile description; 2-Pedogenetic processes factors

o   3 h. Physical properties of soil: 1-Texture & Structure; 2- Soil hydrodynamics

o   3 h. Chemical properties of soil: 1- Adsorbent capacity and ions exchange; 2- Nutrient uptake and soil fertility

o   3 h. Ecological properties of soil: 1- Soil organic matter and C cycle; 2- Nutrient cycles

o   6 h. Soil degradation, conservation and rehabilitation: erosion, acidification, salinization, pollution.

o   1 h30. Soil management and governance.

 

+ field trip at Dong cao river basin

 

Instructors

C. Valentin, Jean-Luc Maeght jean-luc.maeght@ird.fr + instructeurs Vietnamiens

Control

examination + practical + personal work


W02

Ecology - Aquatic microbiology

ECTS

6

Keywords

Aquatic ecology, species, population, community, ecosystems, landscape, biosphere

Micro-organisms communities, populations dynamics, Biofilm, aggregate

Description

The objective of this module is to present a general introduction of the ecology and microbiology of aquatic ecosystems in tropical and temperate regions. Different scales of study in ecology will be explored as will be the different questions associated to these scales.

After an introduction on the micro-organisms present in aquatic systems, the role of microbes in elemental cycles and ecosystem function will be discussed. Notions on biofilms and aggregates will be developed as will aquatic microbial pathogens in disease.

References

 

Coordinators

Dr. Duong Thi Thuy, Institute of Environmental Technology, Dept. of Environmental Hydrobiology. duongthuy0712@yahoo.com , Tel: +84 4 38361623/ +84 976567900

Dr. Nguyen Thanh Hien, USTH, nguyen-thanh.hien@usth.edu.vn

Lectures

Ecology (lectures: 15 h; tutorial + practical: 10 h):

From Species, to biosphere (glossary, definitions, questions, sub sciences, …)

Species, Niche partitioning, Biotic and abiotic influences

Population dynamic introduction

Community functioning introduction (structure, complexity and interactions)

Ecosystems : 10 keys to understand

Landscape, biome and biosphere MG

Nowdays questions related to these scales : the Food, Energy and Water nexus, global changes (climate and pollution), biodiversity conservation

Microbiology (lectures: 15 h; tutorial + practical: 10 h):

Introduction to aquatic microbial ecology and microbial nutrient cycles

Interactions between microorganisms

Aquatic microbiology: drinking water, wastewaters

Ecology of diseases related to water in tropical area

Environmental change and the emergence of pathogens in tropical countries

Field trip

Instructors

Dr. Duong Thi Thuy, CR, Dept. Environ. Hydrobiology, IET, Hanoi.

Dr. Ho Tu Cuong, CR IET, Hanoi

Dr. Nguyen Thanh Hien, USTH, nguyen-thanh.hien@usth.edu.vn

Control

examination (3 h) + practical + personal work


W01

Analytical chemistry - Aquatic chemistry

ECTS

6

Keywords

Chemistry of aqueous solution, Instrumental methods, spectrometry, electrochemistry, chromatography

Description

In this teaching unit, two different basic courses in relation with aquatic chemistry and main basic analytical methods will be given.

In the course “aquatic chemistry”, basic concepts of chemistry in aqueous solution will be reminded (equilibria, acid and base, complexation, oxido-reduction, precipitation-dissolution, Eh‑pH diagrams...). Reaction kinetics will also be a part of this course.

In the course “analytical chemistry”, basic analytical methods will be described (electronic and atomic spectroscopy, gas and liquid chromatography) and illustrated with some examples of pollutant analysis in water samples.

References

- Aquatic Chemistry - Chemical equilibria and rates in natural waters, by Stumm W., Morgan J.J., 1996, 3rd edition, Wiley-Interscience Pub., New York

- Chimie des Milieux Aquatiques, by Sigg L., Behra P., Stumm W., 2014, 5th edition, Dunod, Paris (in French)

- Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences by George W. Luther III, 2016, Wiley-Interscience Pub., New York

Coordinators

Prof. Emmanuel Guillon, UMR CNRS ICMR, Univ. Reims Champagne-Ardenne, emmanuel.guillon@univ-reims.fr

Dr Bui Van Hoi, WEO Department, USTH, bui-van.hoi@usth.edu.vn

Lectures

Solution chemistry, 14 h course, 9 h practical. Lecturers: Emmanuel Guillon, Bui Van Hoi

Analytical chemistry, 16 h course, 6 h practical. Lecturers: Emmanuel Guillon, Bui Van Hoi

Instructors

Dr. Bui Van Hoi, USTH

Prof. Emmanuel Guillon, Univ. Reims Champagne-Ardenne

Prof. Marc Hebrant, Univ. Lorraine (LCPME); Prof. Philippe Behra (LCA)

Control

examination (2 written exams + report)